Article Repository

Suggested Journal Club Articles will be posted here as they are made available. The selection of papers for review at Journal Club is overseen by the Chief Residents of the RCPS and CFPC Emergency Medicine training programs and is based on proposals by EM faculty and residents. If you come across a paper you feel merits consideration for review at Journal Club, please use the automated submission form to notify us of this.

Suggested Articles

Submitted Nov 2017

Hydrocortisone, Vitamin C, and Thiamine for the Treatment of Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock – A. Guy

Oxygen Therapy in Suspected Acute Myocardial Infarction – A. Elkhalifa

Ultrasound use during cardiopulmonary resuscitation is associated with delays in chest compressions – A. Elkhalifa

 

Submitted Oct 2017

Is the Pelvic Examination Still Crucial in Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department With Vaginal Bleeding or Abdominal Pain When an Intrauterine Pregnancy Is Identified on Ultrasonography? A Randomized Controlled Trial – R. Abu-Laban
Note: Raises an important clinical question, and also a forum for discussing clinical and methodologic issues surrounding equivalence trials.

Corticosteroids for treatment of sore throat: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trials – J. Koczerginski

 

Submitted Sept 2017

Simplified diagnostic management of suspected pulmonary embolism (the YEARS study): a prospective, multicentre, cohort study – J. Koczerginski

Randomized Trial of Icatibant for Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor-Induced Upper Airway Angioedema – J. Taylor
Note: Good negative trial, in follow up to NEJM positive trial for the same medication. Interesting that this negative trial was published in a much smaller journal. A Randomized Trial of Icatibant in ACE-Inhibitor–Induced Angioedema.

Predicting Short-Term Risk of Arrhythmia among Patients with Syncope: The Canadian Syncope Arrhythmia Risk Score – J. Koczerginski

 

Submitted June 2017

Simplified diagnostic management of suspected pulmonary embolism (the YEARS study): a prospective, multicentre, cohort study – D. Ting
Note: Interesting multicenter study looking at using a higher D-dimer threshold (<1000) for patients at low risk of PE, finding that it may be used successfully and reduce testing. Similar study ongoing at McMaster in the patient recruitment phase.

 

Submitted April 2017

Trial of Decompressive Craniectomy for Traumatic Intracranial Hypertension – B. Tuyp
Note: Although decompressive craniectomy is not a treatment provided by Emergency Physicians or in the Emergency Department, it is nonetheless important to know the natural history of severe traumatic brain injury. Moreover, this is a landmark trial with which all physicians treating severe traumatic brain injury should be familiar with. Finally, the study results are interesting and conversation provoking in that this trial can be seen as both positive (favouring decompression) or negative depending on how you define a good outcome.

 

Submitted March 2017

Association Between Tracheal Intubation During Adult In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest and Survival – A. Karpov
Note: I think this has the potential to generate interesting discussion around the decision to intubate during cardiac arrest, and some of the challenges of making accurate conclusions and interpreting studies originating from the analysis of big data.

 

Submitted Jan 2017

Cervical Spine Collar Clearance in the Obtunded Adult Blunt Trauma Patient – J. Taylor
Systematic review and guideline that could be practice changing for many EPs

Defining the cervical spine clearance algorithm: A single-institution prospective study of more than 9,000 patients – J. Taylor
Note: Algorithm which can help to facilitate C-spine clearance.